Dezhou lies between 36°24'-38°0' N and 115°45'-117°24' E, on the northern bank of the Yellow River in northwest Shandong Province. Dezhou boasts a long history, with ancestors inhabiting the land since the Paleolithic era. The exquisite black pottery here dates back over 4,000 years. Historically, Dezhou was an important port along the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal.
Nicknamed "Nine Reaches to Heaven" and "Portal to the Imperial Capital", Dezhou is a transportation hub where the Beijing-Shanghai Railway, Shide Railway, and the under-construction Derong Railway converge, making it the northern gateway of Shandong and a vital junction connecting East and North China.